Profile of Wokha


Wokha is a town and a town area committee in Nagaland. It is bordered by the Mokokchung district on the north, by the Kohima district on the south, on the east by the Zunheboto district and by the state of Assam in the west. The district headquarters of Wokha are located in Wokha town.


History

The Wokha district was created in the year 1973. In the year 1876, the British Government occupied Wokha district as the district headquarters of Naga Hills under Assam. In 1978, the headquarters were again shifted to Kohima and Wokha became a sub division. Further, in 1957, when Mokokchung became a district, Wokha remained a sub division and it was finally in 1973, that the Wokha district was created and election started to be held.


Geography


The Wokha district is located in the mid western part of the state of Nagaland adjacent to the plains of Assam. The district covers an area of 1628 sq kms and the terrain is characterized by hill ranges and ridges in the district. There are seasonal streams that run from these hill ranges. The geography of the district is divided into three ranges namely the Wokha range or Upper range, the Sanis range or the Middle range and the Bhandari range or the Lower range. The Baghty and Tchiying valleys are the valleys of the district. The highest mountain peak of the district is Tiyi Enung with an altitude of 1970 meters.


Climate

Wokha experiences monsoon type climate with warm summers and cold winters. The weather is warm in the lower plain areas and moderately warm in the upper region during summer and is cold during winters. In winters the temperature drops down to around 4°C to 2°C. The average temperature in summers is 27°C. The southwest monsoon sets in during the middle of June and continues till middle of September. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 200 to 250 mm. The average humidity during summers is 85%.


Demography


According to the 2011 census, the Wokha district has a population of 166, 239. The literacy rate is 87.6% and the sex ratio is 969 females for every 1000 males. The district is inhabited by the Lotha people. The Tokhu Emong festival is a major festival celebrated here.


Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Wokha. About 80% of the population is engaged in this sector. The main type of agriculture practiced here is Jhum cultivation. Paddy and rice are the main crops grown here. Livestock rearing and animal husbandry are the other main forms of occupation of the people of this district. There are also cottage and small scale industries in this district with a number of people engaged in weaving, poultry, blacksmith, carpentry and other handicrafts. Cane and bamboo works is another important industry here.


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